'Crimes involving minor up by 50% in 9 yrs'
Cases of cognizable crimes involving juveniles have jumped by 50.6% between 2005 and 2014, the government informed the Lok Sabha on Tuesday.
"As per data collected from states and Union territories, an increase of 50.6% -- from 25,601 cases in 2005 to 38,586 cases in 2014 -- in cases under total cognisable crimes registered against juvenile in conflict with law, was reported," minister of state for home Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary said in reply to a written question.
The cases registered were both under IPC and Special and Local Laws.
The issue of crime by juveniles is mainly dealt through Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2000 which provides for reformative care in case of children or juvenile in conflict with law, said Chaudhary.
According to NCRB data for the year 2014, the share of IPC crimes registered against juveniles in total IPC crimes has risen from 1% in 2005 to 1.2% in 2014. The major crime-heads against juveniles during 2014 were theft (20%), rape (5.9%), grievous hurt (4.7%) and assault on a woman with intent to outrage her modesty (4.7%).
A look at state/UT-wise figures of crimes against juveniles shows Madhya Pradesh at the top of the table last year, followed by Maharashtra, Bihar, Rajasthan and Delhi.
As many as 48,230 juveniles were apprehended across the country in 2014, of which 1,592 were girls. This marks a 10.9% rise over the number of juveniles apprehended in 2013. Around 52.9% of the juveniles apprehended last year were either illiterate (10,530) or educated up to primary level (15,004).
A study of the family income background of the juveniles apprehended in 2014 showed that around 55.6% came from households with an annual income below Rs 25,000. While 22.4% had an annual family income between Rs 25,000 and Rs 50,000, 19.5% belonged to the Rs 50,000-2 lakh income group, 1.6% to the Rs 2-3 lakh income group and only 0.9% had a family income of over Rs 3 lakh.